Thursday, December 1, 2011

What happened on Bloody Sunday?

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What happened on ‘Bloody Sunday’?

Bloody Sunday is a painfullest part of history. Towards the close of the nineteenth century Russia was a large country. It stretched from the Baltic Sea to the Pacific Ocean, a distance of 6,000 miles. This vast land was ruled by one man, the Russian Emperor, who was called the ‘Tsar’ (Tsar comes from the Latin word Caesar). He could do anything he liked. He had all the power and people had to obey him. His word was law, A band of officials, all appointed by the Tsar himself, collected the taxes, and ran the army and the navy. They all belonged to a few rich families, and knew little about how the common people lived.

Most of the Russians were peasants. The peasants paid heavy taxes and lived in poverty. Some of them came to the towns to work in factories. The workers lived in crowded slums and worked long hours for low wages in bad conditions. The peasants, the workers and the students held protest meetings all over the country. There were many strikes and riots. Tsar Alexander II was killed by a revolutionary in 1881. His son, Alexander III, and grandson, Nicholas II, took stern measures to hold the people in check. The Tsar’s police kept watch on people. Whenever they thought that someone was a revolutionary they would send him to Siberia and keep him imprisoned there.

On 22 January 1905 a large procession of workers marched towards the Tsar Nicholas II’s palace. They carried the Tsar’s portraits and only wanted to beg the Tsar for help. But the police fired on the peaceful people and killed five hundred of them. That day came to be known in Russian history as ‘Bloody Sunday’. The revolutionary groups began to come together, and soon they found their leader in Lenin.

Who was Vladimir Lenin?

Vladimir Ilyitch Ulyanov, for that was Lenin’s real name, was born on 22 April 1870, in the town of Simbirsk on the river Vogla. His father was a teacher of physics and mathematics, and later on, an inspector of schools.

The reddish, bulky, lively Vladimir lenin was the noisiest and the most mischievous of his six children. They called him Kubyshkin-the pot with a fat belly. One of his favorite games was to set traps for birds. But he gave up the game when one of his own died in its cage. In the Red Indians game he was always the Red Indian. The white men chased him and he hunted wild beasts. At school Vladimir did extremely well. He was attentive and quiet during lessons, but became wild after the class was over. Vladimir was very fond of his elder brother, Alexander, who was four years older. They both liked to be left alone so that they could concentrate on their studies. Alexander was busy all the time with his microscope studying insects. Vladimir sat in the same room at his table reading books in Latin.     


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